You will earn the right to receive benefits for a period of up to 2 years. If you are not Danish or EEA citizen, your right to receive unemployment benefits depends on your citizenship. Read more about this below.
Requirements for receiving unemployment benefits
You can receive unemployment benefits if you:
- are unemployed and registered at jobnet.dk
- have been a member of an unemployment insurance fund for the past 12 months
- fulfill the income criteria, which is minimum DKK 246,924 (2022) within the last 3 years in an unemployment benifits period. You can only get DKK 20,577 (2022) per month.
- can apply for work and take on 37 hours per week, if you are full-time insured, and 30 hours per week if you are part-time insured.
Legal demands while you receive unemployment benefits
While you receive unemployment benefits you have to:
- actively apply for jobs – 1-2 applications per week
- be ready to undertake full-time work (or part-time if you are part-time insured) within one day
- fill in your benefit card (ydelseskort) monthly, when it is ready for you in your inbox at our self-service portal
- attend meetings, courses and other events scheduled by your jobcentre or by us
- stay within Denmark’s borders
If you are not a citizen in an EEA country country, you can only accept a job in Denmark if you can obtain a residence permit with an unlimited work permit. If you obtain a residence permit under the establishment scheme, it is a condition that you do not receive benefits from a Danish Unemployment Insurance Fund under the rules for new graduates.
Ph.D.s are considered employees
If you are a Ph.D. student, you will become a member of an unemployment insurance fund under the rules applying to wage earners. This means you can obtain the right to unemployment benefits under the rules applying to wage earners. In such a case, you can obtain a work and residence permit even if you are receiving unemployment benefits from an unemployment insurance fund.
However, it requires that you have been a paying member of the Unemployment Insurance Fund for a minimum of one year, before you complete your Ph.D. and are able to fulfill an income criteria which is a minimum of DKK 246,924 (2022) within a year. You can only get a maximum of DKK 20,577 (2022) per month in a membership period.
Job search in another EEA country with benefits from Denmark
You can get Danish unemployment benefits for up to 3 months, when you are looking for jobs in another EEA country. However, there are some requirements:
- You have to be registered as unemployed at jobnet.dk for at least 4 weeks, before your departure (called the 4-week rule). Call us if you want to know more about the 4-week rule.
- You must have the right to benefits at the time of departure. This means that you must have residence in Denmark, right up until the departure date.
Exemptions for the 4-week rule
You can apply for an exemption of the 4-week rule in the following situations:
- When you move with your spouse or partner, who has started permanent work or is beginning an education of at least 18 months in another EEA country
- When you can prove that you are going for a job interview in another EEA country
- When you have a special connection to the EEA country where you want to look for work. If you are a citizen of the country you want to travel to, you only have to be registered as unemployed in Denmark for at least 1 week.
Apply for Danish benefits during your travel
You must contact your local jobcentre to apply for the 3-month period of job search in another EEA country. You have to fill in the PD U2 form via our self-service portal and send it to Akademikernes A-kasse.
Upon approval, Akademikernes A-kasse will issue a certificate (PD U2) that you must take with you to the country you want to travel to.
Register as unemployed when you arrive at the other EEA country
Before you leave Denmark, it is important that you do not cancel your registration as unemployed at Jobnet.dk, until the last working day before your departure. After you have left Denmark, you have 7 days (your departure day counts as day 1) to register as unemployed in the country you have traveled to.
We pay your unemployment benefits while you are away
You will receive Danish benefits in the other EEA country from Akademikernes A-kasse. We will transfer the benefits to your account here in Denmark (NemKonto). In order to receive the benefits, you must send us a benefit card (ydelseskort) every month via our self-service portal.
You can receive up to 90 percent of your average salary
In general, the unemployment benefit rate is calculated on the basis of the 12 months with the highest income within the last 2 years. You will receive 90 percent of the average salary income, minus labour market contribution (8 percent before taxes).
However, you can never receive more than the highest unemployment benefit rate.
To qualify for the highest unemployment benefit rate, you must have worked for at least 24 hours and 40 minutes per week at a monthly salary of at least DKK 23,371 (2022).
Your rate will be calculated every time you get a new 2-year right to benefits.
Receive unemployment benefits from your first day as unemployed
You can normally receive unemployment benefits starting from your first day of unemployment. However, your employer often has to pay your unemployment benefits for the first days - the so-called G-days. After this, Akademikernes A-kasse will pay your unemployment benefits.
If you are under a notice period, during which you can claim salary from your employer, you become unemployed after the notice period expires. This also applies even if you are not working during the notice period.
Quarantine before unemployment benefits
If you have terminated your employment yourself or if you are somehow responsible for losing your job, you will normally receive unemployment benefits following a 111-hours quarantine (equal to 3 weeks of full-time employment). However, it is important that you register with the jobcenter or at jobnet.dk on the first day after the notice period expires.
A quarantine is effective during the weeks where you would have earned the right to unemployment benefits. Therefore, it is important that you make yourself available for work with the jobcentre.
Unemployment benefits as self-employed
If you decide to end your self-employment altogether, you will earn the right to receive benefits, after one year as a member, given that you have worked on a full-time basis for a period of at least 12 months to fulfill the income criteria, which is minimum 246,924 kr. (2022) within one year of having a membership. We will ask you to fill out a special form Erklæring om omfang af arbejde i selvstændig virksomhed (AK030) to see if your work as self-employed can fulfill the income criteria.