You apply for unemployment benefits by following these steps.
Conditions for receiving unemployment benefits
You can receive unemployment benefit if you:
- are unemployed
- have been a member of an unemployment insurance fund for the past 12 months
- meet the work requirements, i.e. you have had 52 weeks of full-time work (1,924 hours) as full-time insured or 1,258 hours work as part-time insured within the past 3 years
- are registered with your local job centre (see jobnet.dk)
- can apply for and undertake work for 37 hours per week if you are full-time insured, and 30 hours per week if you are part-time insured.
Legal demands while you receive unemployment benefits
While you receive unemployment benefits you have to
- actively apply for jobs – 1-2 applications per week
- be ready to undertake full-time work (or part-time if you are part-time insured) within one day
- fill in your benefit card (ydelseskort) monthly when it is ready for you in your inbox at our self-service portal
- visit jobnet.dk and click the button “Dine jobforslag” (your job suggestions) every 7 days
- attend meetings, courses and other events scheduled by your job centre or by us
- stay within Denmark’s borders
If you are not a citizen in an EEA country, you can only accept a job in Denmark if you can obtain a work and residence permit from Udlændingestyrelsen (in Danish) after your graduation.
In order to obtain a work and residence permit, it is a condition that you do not receive unemployment benefits from a Danish Unemployment Insurance Fund under the rules for new graduates (dimittendreglerne). Therefore, if you are finishing a bachelor's or a master's degree in Denmark you cannot receive unemployment benefits from a Danish Unemployment Insurance Fund.
Ph.D.’s are considered employees
If you are a Ph.D. student then you become a member of an Unemployment Insurance Fund under the rules applying to wage earners. This means you can obtain the right to unemployment benefits under the rules applying to wage earners. In such a case, you can obtain a work and residence permit even if you are receiving unemployment benefits from an Unemployment Insurance Fund.
However, it requires that you have been a paying member of the Unemployment Insurance Fund for a minimum of one year before you complete your Ph.D. You must also have had what is equivalent to 1,924 hours of paid work during your membership period.
You receive up to 90 percent of your average salary
In general, the unemployment benefit rate is calculated on the basis of the most recent 3 months’ work. You will receive 90 percent of the average salary income, minus labour market contribution (8 percent before taxes).
However, you can never receive more than the highest unemployment benefit rate.
To qualify for the highest unemployment benefit rate, you must have worked for at least 24 hours and 40 minutes per week at a monthly salary of at least 22,000 DKK.
You can have your unemployment benefit rate calculated once a year.
Receive unemployment benefits from your first day out of a job
You can normally receive unemployment benefits beginning from your first day of unemployment. However, your employer often has to pay your unemployment benefits for the first days - so-called G-days. After this, Akademikernes A-kasse will pay your unemployment benefits.
If you are under a notice period during which you can claim salary from your employer, you become unemployed after the notice period expires. This also applies even if you are not working during the notice period.
Quarantine before unemployment benefits
If you have terminated your employment yourself or if you are somehow responsible for losing your job, you will normally receive unemployment benefit following 111 hours quarantine (equal to 3 weeks full-time labour). It is important, however, that you register with the job center or on jobnet.dk on the first day after the notice period expires.
A quarantine is effective only in weeks when you would have been entitled to unemployment benefits. Therefore, it is important that you make yourself available for work with the job centre.
Job seeking in another EEA country with benefits from Denmark
You can get Danish unemployment benefits for up to 3 months when you are looking for jobs in another EEA country. However, there are some requirements:
- You have to be registered as unemployed at jobnet.dk for at least 4 weeks before your departure (called the 4-weeks rule). Call us if you want to know more about the 4-weeks rule.
- You must have the right to benefits at the time of departure. This means that you must have residence in Denmark immediately prior to the departure date.
Exemptions for the 4-weeks rule
You can apply for an exemption for the 4-weeks rule in the following situations:
- When you move with your spouse or partner who has started permanent work or is beginning an education of at least 18 months in another EEA country
- When you can prove that you are going for a job interview in another EEA country
- When you have a special connection to the EEA country where you want to look for work. If you are a citizen of the country you want to travel to, you only have to be registered as unemployed in Denmark for at least 1 week.
Apply for Danish benefits during your travel
You must contact your local job centre to apply for the 3 months period of job seeking in another EEA country. You have to fill in the PD U2 form via our self-service portal and send it to Akademikernes A-kasse.
Upon approval, Akademikernes A-kasse will issue a certificate (PD U2) that you must take with you to the country you want to travel to.
Register as unemployed when you arrive at the other EEA country
Before you leave Denmark, it is important that you do not cancel your registration as unemployed at Jobnet.dk until the last working day before your departure. After you have left Denmark, you have 7 days (your departure day counts as day 1) to register as unemployed in the country you have traveled to.
We pay your unemployment benefits while you are away
You will receive Danish benefits in the other EEA country from Akademikernes A-kasse. We will transfer the benefits to your account here in Denmark (NemKonto). In order to receive the benefits you must send us a benefit card (ydelseskort) every month via our self-service portal.